# CISC181 F2017 Lab8

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## Preliminaries

• Make a new project with n = 7 (following these instructions)
• Name your main class "Lab7" (when creating a new module in the instructions above, in the Java class name field)

## Instructions

In this lab you will develop a public Fraction class (in Fraction.java) with the arithmetic and output functionality listed below. However, you are also required to use a "test-driven development" approach based on unit testing. Thus, as you start to implement the methods below, you must also create a public FractionTests class (in FractionTests.java) which contains a suite of unit tests (aka methods) to test Fraction thoroughly.

### Fraction

Fraction must have two private ints: numerator and denominator. If any arguments to the functions below have denominators with 0 value, you must throw an IllegalArgumentException. Fraction should also implement the Comparable interface. Here are other the public methods that Fraction must implement:

#### Constructors

• A two-parameter constructor that initializes the numerator and denominator
• A one-parameter constructor that takes the numerator and sets the denominator to 1

#### Operators

• void subtract(Fraction F): Subtract another fraction F from this one
• void multiply(Fraction F): Multiply this fraction by another fraction F
• void divide(Fraction F): Divide this fraction by another fraction F
• void pow(int n): Raise this fraction to the nth power

#### Special

• void reduce(): Reduces numerator and denominator to lowest terms. For example, "2 / 4" -> "1 / 2", or "10 / 15" -> "2 / 3". You may look up pseudocode for how to reduce factors.
• String toString(): Returns the fraction as a string, written as "numerator / denominator" -- e.g. "1 / 4", or "3 / 5". It should always be reduced first. If the numerator is 0, just return "0". If the denominator is 1, just return the numerator -- e.g. "5 / 1" -> "5". Also, handle negatives properly! E.g., -3 / -5 should be written as "3 / 5", and 1 / -2 should be written as "-1 / 2".

### FractionTests

FractionTests must have tests that cover every method above, with multiple "normal" and "border" cases as input, including compareTo() as implied by Fraction's implementation of the Comparable interface. You should also test that denominator = 0 exceptions are also thrown as specified.

Each test method should have the following form: "void xNTest() { ... }", such as "add1Test()" or "division2Test()", etc. Each test method should make at least one Fraction object, set some values, perform an operation or more, and test whether the correct output was obtained. Write comments to explain *why* each test is useful!

To declare that a test has been failed, define a new public class called FractionException derived from Exception. It should have a constructor that takes a String. Throw an instance of FractionException in test method xNTest() constructed with the message string "Failed xNTest()" IF AND ONLY IF A TEST IS FAILED.

You will be using JUnit, so simply annotate all of your test functions appropriately. There should be at a minimum 20+ tests to get decent coverage of Fraction's functionality.

### main()

This is what your main() should contain:

```Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(FractionTests.class);
for (Failure failure : result.getFailures())
System.out.println(failure.toString());
```

## Submission

Submit your Fraction.java and FractionTests.java on Sakai (be sure to add your name and section number to both). Do NOT submit Lab7.java.